Concerning the Social Security Administration
Well, this is right out of the de facto administration rule book concerning the Social Security Administration and at the very bottom paragraph we learn that New York City is not part of The United States of America.
REQUIRES SSA TO:
Develop a prototype of a counterfeit-resistant Social Security card:
1. Made of durable, tamper-resistant material, such as plastic or polyester;
2. Employ technologies that provide security features, such as magnetic stripes, holograms, and integrated circuits; and
3. Be developed to provide individuals with reliable proof of citizenship or legal resident alien status.
Study and report:
On different methods of improving the Social Security card application process including:
1. An evaluation of the cost and workload implications of issuing a counterfeit-resistant Social Security card for all individuals over a 3-, 5-, and 10-year period.
2. An evaluation of the feasibility and cost implications of imposing a user fee for replacement cards and original cards prior to the scheduled 3-, 5-, and 10-year phase-in options.
Immigration Reform also requires the General Accounting Office to study and report on the above.
H.R.3734 As finally approved by the House and Senate (Enrolled) -- P.L. 104-193
SEC. 111. DEVELOPMENT OF PROTOTYPE OF COUNTERFEIT-RESISTANT SOCIAL SECURITY CARD REQUIred.
(1) In general.--The Commissioner of Social Security (in this section referred to as the "Commissioner") shall, in accordance with this section, develop a prototype of a counterfeit-resistant social security card. Such prototype card shall--
(A) be made of a durable, tamper-resistant material such as plastic or polyester;
(B) employ technologies that provide security features, such as magnetic stripes, holograms, and integrated circuits; and
(C) be developed so as to provide individuals with reliable proof of citizenship or legal resident alien status.
(2) Assistance by Attorney General.--The Attorney General of the United States shall provide such information and assistance as the Commissioner deems necessary to enable the Commissioner to comply with this section.
(b) Study and Report.--
(1) In general.--The Commissioner shall conduct a study and issue a report to Congress which examines different methods of improving the social security card application process.
(2) Elements of study.--The study shall include an evaluation of the cost and workload implications of issuing a counterfeit-resistant Social Security card for all individuals over a 3-, 5-, and 10-year period. The study shall also evaluate the feasibility and cost implications of imposing a user fee for replacement cards and cards issued to individuals who apply for such a card prior to the scheduled 3-, 5-, and 10-year phase-in options.
(3) Distribution of report.--The Commissioner shall submit copies of the report described in this subsection along with a facsimile of the prototype card as described in subsection (a) to the Committees on Ways and Means and Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committees on Finance and Judiciary of the Senate within 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
H.R.3610 As finally approved by the House and Senate (Enrolled) -- P.L. 104-208
42 USC 405 note.
(1) In general.--The Commissioner of Social Security (in this section referred to as the "Commissioner") shall, in accordance with the provisions of this section, develop a prototype of a counterfeit-resistant Social Security card. Such prototype card--
(A) shall be made of a durable, tamper-resistant material such as plastic or polyester;
(B) shall employ technologies that provide security features, such as magnetic stripes, holograms, and integrated circuits; and
(C) shall be developed so as to provide individuals with reliable proof of citizenship or legal resident alien status.
(2) Assistance by Attorney General.--The Attorney General shall provide such information and assistance as the Commissioner deems necessary to achieve the purposes of this section.
(b) Studies and Reports.--
(1) In general.--The Comptroller General and the Commissioner of Social Security shall each conduct a study, and issue a report to the Congress, that examines different methods of improving the Social Security card application process.
(2) Elements of studies.--The studies shall include evaluations of the cost and workload implications of issuing a counterfeit-resistant Social Security card for all individuals over a 3-, 5-, and 10-year period.
The studies shall also evaluate the feasibility and cost implications of imposing a user fee for replacement cards and cards issued to individuals who apply for such a card prior to the scheduled 3-, 5-, and 10-year phase-in options.
(3) Distribution of reports.--Copies of the reports described in this subsection, along with facsimiles of the prototype cards as described in subsection (a), shall be submitted to the Committees on Ways and Means and Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committees on Finance and Judiciary of the Senate not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
Appendix B: CHRONOLOGY OF SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER (SSN)/CARD EVENTS
1935 The Social Security Act (P.L. 74-271) enacted. It did not expressly mention the use of SSNs, but it authorized the creation of some type of record-keeping scheme. Additionally, the Act provided that the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, shall make and publish rules and regulations to enforce the Act.
Treasury Decision 4704, a Treasury regulation in 1936 which required the issuance of an account number to each employee covered by the Social Security program.
The Social Security Board considered various numbering systems and ways (such as metal tags, etc.) by which employees could indicate they had been issued a number.
1936- Approximately 30 million applications for SSNs were processed between
1937 November 1936 and June 30, 1937.
1943 Executive Order 9397 (3 CFR (1943-1948 Comp.) 283-284) (1943) issued by President Roosevelt required:
1961 The Civil Service Commission adopted the SSN as an official Federal employee identifier.
Internal Revenue Code Amendments (P.L. 87-397) required each taxpayer to furnish identifying number for tax reporting.
1962 The Internal Revenue Service adopted the SSN as its official taxpayer identification number.
1964 Treasury Department, via internal policy, required buyers of series H savings bonds to provide their SSNs.
1965 Internal Revenue Amendments (P.L. 89-384) Medicare enacted. It became necessary for most individuals age 65 and older to have an SSN.
1966 The Veterans Administration began to use the SSN as the hospital admissions number and for patient record-keeping.
1967 The Department of Defense, by a Secretary of Defense memorandum, adopted the SSN in lieu of the military service number for identifying Armed Forces personnel.
1970 Bank Records and Foreign Transactions Act (P.L. 91-508) required all banks, savings and loan associations, credit unions and brokers/dealers in securities to obtain the SSNs of all of their customers. Also, financial institutions were required to file a report with the IRS, including the SSN of the customer, of each deposit, withdrawal, exchange of currency or other payment or transfer involving more than $10,000.
1971 SSA task force published a report on issues raised by nonprogram SSN use which proposed that SSA take a "cautious and conservative" position toward SSN use and do nothing to promote the use of the SSN as an identifier. The report recommended that SSA:
1972 Social Security Amendments of 1972 (P.L. 92-603):
1973 Buyers of series E savings bonds are required by the Treasury Department to provide their SSNs.
1973 Report of the Department of Health Education and Welfare (HEW; now Health and Human Services (HHS)) Secretary's Advisory Committee on Automated Personal Data System concluded that the adoption of a universal identifier by this country was not desirable; also found that the SSN was not suitable for such a purpose as it does not meet the criteria of a universal identifier that distinguishes a person from all others.
1974 Privacy Act (P.L. 93-579) enacted effective September 27, 1975 to limit governmental use of the SSN:
1975 Social Services Amendments of 1974 (P.L. 93-647) provided that:
1976 Tax Reform Act of 1976 (P.L. 94-455) included the following amendments to the Social Security Act:
1976 Federal Advisory Committee on False Identification recommended that penalties for misuse be increased and evidence requirements tightened; rejected the idea of national identifier and did not even consider the SSN for such a purpose.
1977 Food Stamp Act of 1977 (P.L. 96-58) required disclosure of SSNs of all household members as a condition of eligibility for participation in the Food Stamp program.
Privacy Protection Study Commission recommended that:
The Carter Administration proposed that the Social Security card be one of the authorized documents by which an employer could be assured that a job applicant could work in this country but also stated that the SSN card should not become a national identity document.
1978 SSA began to require evidence of age, citizenship, and identity of all SSN applicants.
1981 The Reagan Administration stated that it "is explicitly opposed to the creation of a national identity card" but recognized the need for a means for employers to comply with the employer sanctions provisions of its immigration reform legislation.
Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1981 (P.L. 97-35) required the disclosure of the SSNs of all adult members in the household of children applying for the school lunch program.
1981 Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1981--Social Security Benefits Act (P.L. 97-123)
1981 Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1982 (P.L. 97-86) required disclosure of the SSNs to the Selective Service System of all individuals required to register for the draft. It also required the Secretary of HHS to provide the Director of Selective Service the names, dates of birth, addresses and SSNs of individuals required to register for the purpose of enforcing the Military Selective Service Act.
1982 Debt Collection Act of 1982 (P.L. 97-365) required that all applicants for loans under any Federal loan program furnish their SSNs to the agency supplying the loan.
All Social Security cards issued to legal aliens not authorized to work within the United States were annotated "NOT VALID FOR EMPLOYMENT" beginning in May.
1983 Social Security Amendments of 1983 (P.L. 98-21) required that new and replacement Social Security cards issued after October 30 be made of banknote paper and (to the maximum extent practicable) not be subject to counterfeiting.
The Interest and Dividend Tax Compliance Act (P.L. 98-67):
1984 Deficit reduction Act of 1984 (P.L. 98-369)
1986 The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-603):
Tax Reform Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-514) required individuals filing a tax return due after December 31, 1987, to include the taxpayer identification number (TIN)-- usually the SSN--of each dependent age 5 or older.
Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-750) authorized the Secretary of Transportation to require an SSN on commercial motor vehicle operators' licenses.
Higher Education Amendments of 1986 (P.L. 99-498) required that student loan applicants submit their SSN as a condition for eligibility.
1987 SSA initiated a demonstration project on August 17 in the State of New Mexico enabling parents to obtain SSNs for their newborn infants automatically when the infant's birth is registered by the State. The program was expanded nationwide beginning in 1989. Currently, all 50 States participate in the "Enumeration at Birth" program, as well as New York City, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico.
1988 Housing and Community Development Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-242)
Family Support Act of 1988 (P.L. 100-485):
1988 Technical and Miscellaneous Revenue Act of 1988 (P.L. 100-647):
Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 (P.L. 100-690) deleted the $5,000 and $25,000 upper limits on fines that could be imposed for violations of section 208 of the Social Security Act. The general limit of $250,000 for felonies in the U.S. Code now applied to SSN violations under section 208 of the Social Security Act. Also, penalties for misuse of SSNs apply as well in cases where the number was referred to by any other name (e.g., taxpayer identification number).
1989 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1989 (P.L. 101-239) required that the National Student Loan Data System include, among other things, the names and SSNs of borrowers.
Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 1989 (P.L. 101-147) required the member of the household who applies for the school lunch program to provide the SSN of the parent of the child for whom the application is made.
1990 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-508)
Food and Agricultural Resources Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-624)--Section 1735:
- Required an SSN for the officers of food and retail stores that redeem Food Stamps.
- Provided that SSNs maintained as a result of any law enacted on or after October 1, 1990, be confidential and not be disclosed.
1994 Social Security Independence and Program Improvements Act of 1994 (P.L. 103-296):
Uruguay Round Agreement Act (P.L. 103-465) generally required that individuals include the TIN of each dependent regardless of age beginning with tax returns filed after December 31, 1994.
1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-193) (Welfare Reform):
1996 Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1997 (P.L. 104-208) (Division C--Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996) (Immigration Reform):
1997 Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 (P.L. 105-34)
Appendix C: RECENT LEGISLATIVE PROPOSALS
H.R. 4354 (Gallo, R-NJ) introduced on May 5, 1994
H.R. 3919 (Blute, R-MA) introduced on February 28, 1994
H.R. 4299 (Franks, R-NJ) introduced on September 28, 1996
S. 600 (Feinstein D-CA) introduced April 16, 1997
H.R. 1330 (Kanjorski D-PA) introduced on April 15, 1997
H.R. 231 (McCollum, R-FL) introduced on January 7, 1997
H.R. 224 (McCollum R-FL) introduced on January 7, 1997
H.R. 1428 (Horn R-CA) introduced on April 24, 1997
Appendix D: DESCRIPTION OF TYPES OF SOCIAL SECURITY CARDS
Prior to September 14, 1992, noncitizens were issued unrestricted cards. (Noncitizens who overstayed period granted by INS, can still work; employer has no reason to check the INS document for continuing lawful noncitizen status.)
Since September 14, 1992, some noncitizens were issued cards with legend, "VALID FOR WORK ONLY WITH INS AUTHORIZATION" (Employer must use INS document to determine a noncitizen's employment eligibility.)
Prior to mid-1982, such individuals were issued unrestricted cards. (Employer has no reason to check the INS document for lawful noncitizen status.)
Since mid-1982, undocumented noncitizen individuals in this group have been issued cards with legend, "NOT VALID FOR EMPLOYMENT."
Prior to mid-1982, unrestricted cards were issued. (Employer accepts the card as evidence of employment eligibility.)
Since mid 1982, noncitizens were issued cards with legend, "NOT VALID FOR EMPLOYMENT."
Prior to mid-1982, unrestricted cards were issued. (Employer accepts the card as evidence of employment eligibility.)
Since mid-1982, noncitizens were issued cards with legend, "NOT VALID FOR EMPLOYMENT."
Appendix E: DESCRIPTION OF THE ENUMERATION PROCESS
COMMENTARY: SCOTT BURNS How to reapply for Social Security and live better in retirement
Steve Miller: Social Security: Mark of the Beast!
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