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By Charles Weber, MS (soil science)

Fluoride has been added to water in the form of hexafluorosilicic acid (an industrial waste product) in the hope that it would reduce tooth decay. However it is a poison that has some serious side effects, badly affecting almost every organ in the body and does not reduce tooth decay in permanent teeth (item has graphs) nor even in first teeth and The decline in tooth cavities has been the same in fluoridated and non fluoridated countries. Europe is only 2% fluoridated but has tooth decay similar to or less than the USA, which is 64% fluoridated as of 2008. A study showed higher number of cavities in a fluoridated village than in nearby non fluoridated villages in South Africa. [Grobler] Fluoride is more poisonous than lead and only marginally less so than arsenic.

Fluoridation is absurd from a viewpoint of ethics, safety, science, control of dose, greater harm to the poor, increase of dental cost, poisoning of soil, and grave damage to almost every organ. It is this author's considered opinion, pushing this Fluoridation madness by lobbyists and dentists is a disgrace and a dis-service.


  • The most serious is dementia disease.
  • The side effect that is the most obvious is a discoloration of the teeth called fluorosis (includes treatments) [Pendrys]. This is inevitable if the dose of fluoride is only a little over optimum. 40% of US citizens aged 12-15 have fluorosis according to the Center for disease control. This figure must be more than 60% for those drinking fluoridated water. This is very easy to happen to anyone who drinks a lot of water, say for kidney problems or for baby formula. Toxicity is worse in hot climates because more water is consumed. It is also likely if someone eats or drinks food high in fluoride such as tea [Gulati], coffee, reconstituted fruit juice, grapes or raisins that have had fluoride insecticide (cryolite), dried eggs, soy beans, and carbonated drinks. See this article for a very long discussion of fluorosis of teeth and bone, Fagin gives fluoride content of some foods [Fagin]. You may see fluoridecontents of all foods here.
  • While the fluorosis effect is fairly trivial other than appearance, the cost of correcting it can be as much as $15,000. This cost should be made good by the water companies and insecticide manufacturers. The cost of dental repair is significantly greater in fluoridated British communities than in non fluoridated and the number of dentists required per population is greater. This is probably primarily because of the cost of correcting fluorosis. Since 1950, it has been found that fluorides do little to prevent pit and fissure tooth decay, a fact that even the dental community has acknowledged [Gray 1987; and Pinkham 1999]. This is significant because pit and fissure tooth decay represents up to 85% of the tooth decay experienced by children today [Gray 1987]. Pit and fissure decay is best prevented with sealants. Studies that seemed to show less number of cavities in children from fluoride did so because the tooth eruption process was delayed by one of the poisonous affects of fluoride. The number of eventual cavities were the same.
  • Fluorides cause premature aging of the human body [Leone] [Erikson].
  •  A more serious effect is irreversible bone deformation [Fagin, with pictures] [Reddy] and increases of bone fractures [Orcel][Chachra]. 99% of the body's fluoride burden is in the bones. There are villages in India where two thirds of the people are crippled by fluorosis of the bone caused by less than 5 parts per million of fluoride. The affects on bone can mimic some of the symptoms of arthritis.
  • Fluoride interferes with the hydroxylation of proline to hydroxyproline [Sharma]. Therefore fluoride exposure disrupts the synthesis of collagen and leads to the breakdown of collagen in bone, tendon, muscle, skin, cartilage, lungs, kidney, trachea and arteries. [Susheela and Mukerjee]. That is the type of damage you'd expect to see in connective tissue disorders. It will also cause damage to ligaments resembling arthritis. It has been found that the elastic properties of the ascending aorta are impaired in patients with endemic fluorosis [Varol].
  • Fluoride inhibits the immune cells at those times when an infection activates them [Clark] [Weissman]. An even more serious effect is bone cancer in young boys, but for some strange reason, not girls. During the growth spurt during 6 to 8 years the bone cancer rate is 8 times higher in boys living in fluoridated areas than in non poisoned water areas [Bassin]. Fluoride confuses the immune system and causes it to attack the body's own tissues, and increases the tumor growth rate in cancer prone individuals [Taylor]. There is increased incidence of melanotic tumors following treatment with sodium fluoride [Herskowitz]. In view of this, adding fluoride to water is breaking the former Delaney Amendment law prohibiting adding cancer causing chemicals to food. That law should be reestablished.
  • Proteins are kept in their three dimensional structure by weak bonds between adjacent proteins called hydrogen bonds. Emsley, et al, found that fluoride disrupts this hydrogen bonding within proteins by virtue of an unusually strong bond between fluoride ion and the NH group of amides [Emsley]. In other words, it changes some associated proteins and enzymes from the exact shape they're suppose to be in. It also reduces the ability of white blood cells to kill pathogens [Weisman].
  • Fluoride depresses thyroid activity [Von Mundy] [Galleti]. Fluoride and bromide block the uptake and utilization of iodide in target cells [Abraham 2004]. Fluoride has been proposed to inhibit the thyroid and fluoride symptoms have many similarities to low thyroid. See also, this site for acute symptoms. Children in India who had fluoride in their blood had thyroid abnormality. Fluoride has been found to cause goiter in South Africa. A government-sponsored report has concluded that levels of fluoride that people are regularly exposed to in drinking water can cause serious malfunctioning of the thyroid gland, leading to even more serious health problems.
  • I now have to take thyroid hormone, so I have a personal reason for resenting adding this poison to my drinking water, for it is highly probable that fluoride is the reason why. As a friend if mine more than once reminded me, "...everything is caused by something."
  • Fluoride depletes the energy reserves and the ability of white blood cells to properly destroy foreign agents by the process of phagocytosis. As little as 0.2 parts per million (ppm) fluoride stimulates superoxide production in resting white blood cells, virtually abolishing phagocytosis. Even micro-molar amounts of fluoride, below 1 ppm, may seriously depress the ability of white blood cells to destroy pathogenic agents [Curnette]. Fluoride inhibits antibody formation in the blood [Jain].
  • The most serious effects of all are damages to the nervous system. Fluoride synergistically reacts with aluminum, and causes nerve degeneration similar to Alzheimer's disease. Dementia is a major part of he World's costs, estimated to be $604 billion. Aluminum can be found some citys' water, in some (older style) toothpaste tubes. People using aluminum pans to boil water and prepare foods like pasta and soup contaminate the used water with aluminum. Consider all of the drinking beverages that come in aluminum cans; and some baking powder products. Notice the ingredients, if 'alum' shows there is aluminum in one form or another in the product. If the water contains silica, the risk of Alzheimer's disease is much reduced [Rondeau], I suspect because aluminum silicates are insoluble. It is probable that fluoride is necessary for aluminum to be absorbed into the brain, because a typical diet contains 10 – 20 milligrams of aluminum per day, while water contains only 0.01 - 0.15 milligrams per liter. A very large number of chemical reactions materialize in the brain from presence of aluminum. The article from which this last link was taken can be seen here. Alzheimer's disease is very prevalent and has been rising in recent years.
  • It has been found that behaviors associated with lead neurotoxicity are more frequent in communities using silicofluorides than in comparable localities that do not use these chemicals [Sawana]. Violent acts were up to 2 and 1/2 times higher in fluoridated communities, particularly among African Americans. He attributes this to lead levels in these criminals, which lead has its uptake enhanced by fluoride [Masters]. Rats fed amounts of fluoride similar and also slightly higher to that found in artificially fluoridated drinking water, suffered from impaired central nervous system functioning and poorer memory. There was more malaise and fatigue and significant alteration of enzyme functioning. Some researchers have concluded that there is a mechanism by which fluoride can contribute to so many neurological problems in children. Thus, links of fluoridated water to decreased intelligence in children [Lu][Ding], increased incidence of ADD and ADHD, lower cognitive ability, poorer memory and other related problems, are almost certainly correct. Convincing evidence has been found for fluoride causing dramatic declines of childrens' intelligence in Russia and also in Iran.
  • Varner, et al, found that when fluoride in water with just 1 part per million fluoride, (the amount gennerly used for artificially fluoridated water), was used in the presence of aluminum sulfate (frequently used to improve the appearance of drinking water, present in some baking powders, and as an adjuvant in vaccines [Eisenbarth] ), the results were disastrous. Aside from brain and kidney damage, there was an eighty percent mortality rate in the animals fed doses of sodium fluoride and aluminum similar to those found in artificially fluoridated water. Animals fed the aluminum/fluoride laced water developed sparse hair and abnormal, copper-colored underlying skin which is related to premature aging. Mostly the researchers related these effects to chronic kidney failure. Further autopsy results showed serious kidney abnormalities in animals that drank water containing both sodium fluoride and aluminum fluoride. The Varner team said that "Striking parallels were seen between aluminum-induced alterations in cerebral blood vessels that are associated with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of pre-senile dementia". Fluoride studies in rats can be indicative of a potential for motor disruption, intelligence deficits and learning disabilities in humans. Humans are exposed to plasma levels of fluoride as high as those in rat studies. Fluoride involves interruption of normal brain development. Fluoride affects the hippocampus in the brain, which integrates inputs from the environment, memory, and motivational stimuli, to produce behavioral decisions and modify memory. Experience with other developmental neurotoxicants prompts expectations that changes in behavioral functions will be comparable across species, especially humans and rats [Muellenix] Fluorides accumulate in the brain over time to reach neurologically harmful levels [Muellenix]. If you keep rodents for pets, be sure not to give them city water.
  • It is also important that pregnant women imbibe no fluoride because it damages several brain functions and hormones in the fetuses. It also alters behavior of the babies. There is an average decline of IQ of 8 points in children showing fluorosis of the teeth. Also see this site. It has been proposed that the decline in American academic achievement may be partly due to fluoride.
  • About 2 or 3 percent of people are especially sensitive to fluoride poisoning. Such people can not even take showers without being affected with colicky stomach and intestinal pains, severe headaches, weakness and fatigue, skin rashes, mouth ulcers, worsening of allergic conditions including wheezy breathing, blurred vision, excessive thirst and joint pains. So apparently fluoride can be absorbed from showering, although I know of no actual analyses. It does stand to reasoning that if fluoride is in the shower water some of it is likely to be absorbed. One may see stories told by people who were injured by fluoride here. If you do live in a fluoridated area, you could collect water off your roof in barrels and wash with that.
  • Fluoride accumulates in the pineal gland, which secretes melatonin, more than any other soft tissue in the body [Luke]. The hydroxyapetite crystals in the pineal gland accumulate more fluoride than bone or teeth, up to 21,000 ppm. As a result melatonin is interfered with by several mechanisms [Blaylock] and this causes earlier maturation of female animals. It must also be interfering with the circadian sleep rhythms, but this author is not aware of any evidence of that.
    At the same time there are substances that give protection to teeth, especially while children are growing, such as vitamin D, calcium, phosphate, copper and magnesium, with no adverse effects in reasonable amounts and at the same time they strengthen bone [Holick]. One should be able to meet all needs, except vitamin D, from unprocessed food. Vitamin D must come from sunlight, or supplements. There are also substances present in cashew nuts and mango fruit, anacardic acids, which are very lethal to tooth cavity gram positive bacteria [Eichbaum]. Fluoride is not more lethal to cavity bacteria than conventional mouth wash [Bibby]. Fluoride does reduce solubility of enamel in acid, but only when applied topically. Eating fluoride while teeth are forming has no affect on solubility. Therefore according to the ADA fluoride should NEVER be given to babies or pregnant mothers or used for formula. The Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA's Dec. 1995, July 1996, July 1997, March 1999, June 2000) has published a series of studies reporting on pervasive overexposure to fluoride due to "the widespread use of fluoridated water, fluoride dentifrice, dietary fluoride supplements and other forms of fluoride... . {There is} an increased prevalence of dental fluorosis, ranging from about 15% to 65% in fluoridated areas and 5% to 40% in non-fluoridated areas in North America." This author suspects that correcting this is the main reason why the dentistry profession is more profitable in fluoridated communities. In February of 1997, The Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), representing 35,000 dentists, warned parents to limit their children's intake of juices due to fluoride content. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) stated in its Toxicological Profile on Fluoride in 1993, "Existing data indicate that subsets of the population may be unusually susceptible to the toxic effects of fluoride and its compounds. These populations include the elderly, people with deficiencies of calcium, magnesium, and/or vitamin C, and people with cardiovascular and kidney problems. Postmenopausal women and elderly men in fluoridated communities may also be at increased risk of fractures."
  • Acute toxic effects include hypocalcimia, hypomagnesia, hyperkalemia (shock), hypoglycemia, hypersalivation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, dysphagia, mucosal injury, headache, tremors, muscular spasms, titanic contractions, hyperactive reflexes, seizures, muscle weakness, widening of the heart's QRS, heart arrhythmias, and possible cardiac arrest. The toxic effects following large ingestion of the following products usually are limited to gastro-intestinal discomfort; tooth paste, oral hygiene products, insecticide, rat poison, dietary supplements, automobile wheel cleaning products, and glass etching products.

I definitely recommend concerned people drink bottled water, or collect rain water directly (not from your roof) in a sanitary container, or wheel barrow, if your tap water contains fluoride. Gennerally available, and home produced, distilled water is not acceptable because it retains most of the fluoride originally in the water. This is especially important if you are on dialysis because the National Kidney Foundation has reported several deaths from fluoride being in water. Commonly available distilled water will not do because only a little over half the fluoride is removed. Cities should discontinue fluoridation because of the likelihood of future liability suits along with concern for their citizens' health. At the very least legislators should insist that citizens be warned of the toxicity. Individual septic systems are exempt from polluting the environment law. This exception should be removed. 98% of European citizens now drink non fluoridated water. We should join them here in the USA.

Consider that if a doctor wrote a prescription for a medicine that read as follows, "Add this poisonous medicine to some of your food in varying amounts, add it to your water and drink varying amounts, and smear the water on your body for varying lengths of time, add enough to tooth paste to kill a child if eaten." I am sure he would lose his license to practice medicine. If he forced it on his patients, he would be put in jail. Fluoride in drinking water goes beyond stupidity and starts to nudge up against insanity, either insanity or corruption, plus, considering today's economic conditions an unwarranted expenditure of tax payer monies.

Also when fluorinated water is used for irrigation, it poisons the soil for a long time. Fluoride in phosphate fertilizers can cause fluoride to build up to high values, especially since it does not easily move in neutral or alkaline soil. Fluoride is thought to be able to damage vegetation when the concentration is high enough, especially when boron is also high in the soil. Fluoride is more readily taken up by plants from acid soil. It has been found that calcium inhibited fluoride uptake by plants (Soil Science, 1961 92(3): 172). Fluoride in soil has been found to be zero to 1,500 ppm in eastern USA soil. Biotite and muscovite micas probably furnish the most from the parent material sources, as much as 4 and 2 percent in each respectively. There is 290 ppm average in 10 mile deep crustal rock (Soil Science, 1946 61(5): 341). So fluoride must leach out of soils eventually. Formations of dolomite, bentonite, or volcanic ash produce dangerous concentrations of fluoride in ground water (from a study in Estonia).

I strongly suspect that the brown color ivy leaves, found only over my septic field, that sometimes shows up in fall, are from fluoride. Plants with foliage particularly susceptible to fluoride damage include: apricots, grapes, plums, corn, sorghum, Jerusalem cherry, gladiolus, iris, St. John's wort, tulips, Douglas fir, western larch, and many species of pine.(20) Many other plants, including citrus trees, have suffered significant leaf damage from fluoride pollution but are not quite as sensitive as the above species. Tomatoes pick up more than twice as much fluoride as bean plants. You may see amounts of fluoride in various foods in this EPA report.

Iodide can be used to increase fluoride excretion. Iodide used to be very popular with the medical profession. (scroll up) It was called "The Universal Medicine" over 100 years ago because it was safe, effective and had widespread applications in clinical medicine for conditions that were not responding to other treatment such as metallic poisonings, as by lead and mercury, asthma, aneurism, arteriosclerosis, angina pectoris, gout, goiter, syphilis, haemophilia, Bright's disease (nephritis) and bronchitis. Iodide probably has many functions in the body other than creating thyroid hormone.

However, after World War II, misinformation about iodide resulted in medical professionals turning against iodide. As a result, iodide has been neglected in medical textbooks and vilified in endocrine publications [Abraham 2006]. This may be part of the reason why the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 2 Billion people, 30 percent of the world's population, suffer from iodine deficiency disorders. More than a billion people have visible goiters and 5.7 million are cretins. An estimated additional 750 million people without goiters have undiagnosed hypothyroidism [WHO], and many millions have iodine-related mental retardation.

Double the excretion of fluoride takes place if 50 milligrams of iodide/iodine as Iodoral are taken daily for one month [Brownstein][Abraham 2003]. Half again as much bromide is also excreted. It has been suggested that the symptoms of iodism is from the release of bromide. Another trial showed much higher increases of bromide from supplementation with iodide. This must have been because the patient had been eating much more than normal intake of bromide added to food. I do not know if it is safe to take this much Iodoral interminably and I am apprehensive about the use of elemental iodine or iodates since iodate has been used to cure hyperthyroid condition [Starr][Thompson]. However the Japanese average 14 milligrams IODIDE daily from 4.5 grams of seaweed (dried?) [Nutrition Section, Bureau of Public Health], which is 50 times the amount in the USA. In some sections the Japanese average 200 milligrams per day; a much lower breast cancer rate has been attributed to this. Selenium is synergistic with iodide for that purpose [LeMarchand][Nagata].

Women with goiters (a visible, non cancerous enlargement of the thyroid gland) owing to iodine deficiency have been found to have a three times greater incidence of breast cancer. 15 percent of American women get breast cancer, as opposed to 5 percent thirty years ago. 90 percent of women have fibrocystic breast disease, sometimes painful, which can be improved with 50 milligrams of KI during the intermenstrual period [Vishniakova]. The Russian study has been replicated in the USA with similar results, but using elemental iodine.

Iodide also stimulates the immune system. Iodide has been proposed to have an affect rivaling antibiotics. It is possible that supplementation with as much as 50 milligrams of iodide per day to start would augment immunity against fungal infection, syphilis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Iodide also reduces the amount of insulin necessary during type I and Type II diabetes. I have been informed from a single case history that extra iodide opened up a blocked salivary gland.

Iodide concentrations in seaweeds are as follows (milligrams. per 100 gm.); Alaria 16.6, Dulse5.2, Kelp 45.3, Laver 1.4, Hiziki 40, Arame 98-564, Kombu 193-471, Wakame 18-35, Nori .5, Rockweed 153.7, Bladderwrack 65. Potassium iodide can be purchased without a prescription from this site. The pill form contains over 100 milligrams of iodide, so must be subdivided by dissolving it in a glass of water, and then drinking a portion each day. Iodide is probably better than seaweed because seaweed has bromine and arsenic (22 milligrams of arsenic per 1,000 grams) in it, both largely as organic compounds. Between 0.2 to 1.0 milligrams per day of arsenic is ingested by the Japanese daily consumption. Inorganic arsenic is a risk factor for liver cancer. However hijiki seaweed has only 0.3 milligrams per 1000 grams of arsenic as arsenate, the remainder being organic, which is only mildly toxic. The UK Food Standards Agency (FSA) issued advice to consumers to avoid eating seaweeds.

12 milligrams of iodide and iodine will also cause fluoride excretion with no adverse side effects after one month. If the body is deficient, a large percentage of iodide is retained. It is said that the retention ends when the body contains about 1,500 milligrams [Abraham 2005]. It has been suggested that the only way iodide excess can produce hyperthyroid condition is if the patient has had goiter or other thyroid disease prior [Roti]. Epidemiological studies confirm that hyperthyroid is most prevalent in areas that are LOW in iodide. However huge amounts of iodide for prolonged periods should probably be avoided. This is because water containing high iodide concentration in China causes a reduction of IQ in children of 9 points [Liu]. I do not know if other poisons in that water have been ruled out or not. It would be a good idea to find out.

Get to know the halogens: fluoride (F−), chloride (Cl−), bromide (Br−), iodide (I−) and astatide (At−).

For a forum that discusses iodide access this site. For a discussion of the affect of medications on thyroid secretion or supplementation, see this site.

The Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment has come out strongly in opposition to fluoridation. They maintain that decline in tooth decay is not from fluoride and that adverse effects have been underestimated.

Joel Kauffman has written an extensive review of the history of the political maneuvers that have foisted this poison, fluoride, on society. New hypotheses can be dangerous to the power wealth or prestige of old theory adherents [Charlton], or as Tolstoy puts it, "Most men can seldom accept even the simplest and most obvious truth if it would oblige them to admit the falsity of conclusions which they have delighted in explaining to colleagues, have proudly taught to others, and have woven thread by thread into the fabric of their lives" or as Paul Connett put it "When public policy is controlled by spin, producing a single fact is a subversive act." "Insanity" would be a better word than "spin".

So it will be difficult to get this unhealthy procedure discontinued. Laws spelling out liability and setting reasonable compensations would be very desirable. If liability were removed from those organizations that advocated it because of stupidity, perhaps they would not be reluctant to come out against it. Such a law should still preserve the legal concept of "malum in se" so that any who gave such advice for evil intent would still be susceptible.

If we must forcably medicate drinking water, do it with iodide, potassium, or vitamin D, Those essential nutrients are deficient or marginal in most people. Or perhaps anacardic acid, which is very lethal to tooth decay bacteria, would have some logic.

I submitted a petition a few years ago to the FDA to make fluoride in tooth paste a prescription drug because of acute toxic effects if it is swallowed by children. The contents of a family-size tube of fluoridated toothpaste is enough to kill a 25-pound child. Death from tooth paste is rare, however. This petition was filed because fluoride ingestion from mouth rinses and dentifrices in children is extremely hazardous to biological development, life span and general health [Eriksson] [Augenstein].

Children in Canada aged 7 months to 4 years old averaged 0.087 to 0.160 milligrams per day in fluoridated areas and 0.045 to 0.096 in non fluoridated areas. The adults in non fluoridated areas received only 0.032 to 0.036 in spite of their much greater weight. This was because the children were getting 0.020 to 0.060 in all areas from tooth paste. The FDA turned down the petition.

Perhaps if enough people wrote in to support the petition the matter could still be expedited. The address is: Dockets Management Branch, Food and Drug Administration, Department of Health and Human Services, Room 1-23, 12420 Parklawn Dr., Rockville, MD 20857. It might be worth a try. Better yet would be to write your member of Congress.

A Yahoo group has been formed to combat the side effects of fluoride poisoning. The intention of this site is for FLUORIDE POISONED persons to share their experiences and support. Options are to discuss symptoms, feelings, diagnoses, treatments, related conditions, and available research on the subject. At this time, there is no other such site available on the Web. Please feel encouraged to disseminate this article and information.

You may see a source of filters that take out much of the fluoride here.

An excellent book has been written about fluoride in drinking water called "The Case Against Fluoride: How Hazardous Waste Ended Up in Our Drinking Water and the Bad Science and Powerful Politics That Keep It There". Paul Connett (Author), James Beck (Author), H. Spedding Micklem (Author); Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing; 1 edition (October 7, 2021); ISBN-10: 1603582878; ISBN-13: 978-1603582872
It is reviewed here.

You may see a very extensive article by a dentist discussing the legality of water fluoridation here. It has numerous graphs portraying various epidemiological studies of the extreme harm fluoride does to various parts of the body.

Article's references follow below.

Hundreds of references are also available from Second Look's web site. "Second Look" is an organization devoted primarily to educating people about the dangers of fluoride. An organization called "Keepers of the Well" presents arguments against fluoridation. The National Research Council Report concludes that there should be no fluoride in water. You may see how to get more copper from food to prevent slipped discs, aneurisms, hemorrhoids, and emphysema. A table, which gives copper and zinc in food per thousand Calories, is available at this site, as well as zinc/copper ratios.

There is an article discussing cashew nuts to cure a tooth abscess which might prove useful at this site. There is also an article which proposes some speculation about diabetes and a possible cause from chili pepper at this site.

See this site for evidence of a correlation between magnesium deficiency and cancer. The taurate is proposed as the best magnesium supplement. However, it probably only seems to be because the taurate no doubt has advantageous properties of its own in some circumstances. Taurine or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid is an acidic chemical substance sulfonated rather than carboxylated found in high abundance in the tissues of many animals (metazoa), especially sea animals. Taurine is also found in plants, fungi, and some bacterial species, but in far less abundance. It is an amine with a sulfonic acid functional group, but it is not an amino acid in the biological sense, not being one of the twenty protein-forming compounds encoded by the universal genetic code. Small polypeptides have been identified as containing taurine, but to date there has been no report of a transfer RNA that is specifically charged with taurine [from Wikipedia]. It is essential to babies. It has been found that supplements of the amino acid taurine will restore the abnormal electrocardiogram present during a potassium deficiency by an unknown mechanism. This information has been used in several case histories by George Eby to control a long standing type of cardiac arrhythmia called pre atrial contractions (PACs), a benign but irritating and nerve racking heart problem, with 2,500 grams of taurine with each meal. Taurine is said to be low in the diets of vegetarians. The 2,500 milligrams recommended by the American Heart Association causes diarrhea in some people and should probably be reduced in those people. Taurine has been used for high blood pressure [Fujita], migraine headache (I suspect that less than 1,000 milligrams can remove the headache caused by allergy to peanuts), high cholesterol, epilepsy, macular degeneration, Alzheimer's disease, liver disorders, alcoholism, and cystic fibrosis, and depression. Keep in mind that some people may have a genetic defect that limits the amount of taurine tolerated and that adequate molybdenum may desirable. Taurine may make a copper deficiency worse, based on a single case history [Brien Quirk, private communication]. This may be because taurine may be mobilizing copper and zinc into the plasma [Li]. So if you should decide to take taurine, make sure your copper intake is more than adequate, as well as your zinc. contains reviews of natural remedies for many diseases.

For a procedure that discusses tetrathiomolybdate for removing copper and thus preventing further solid cancer growth and Hodgkin's, see this site. This might buy some time until you can persuade a doctor to try tumor necrosis factor or interferon or an opioid antagonist drug called Naltrexone (Naltrexone in the large 50 mg size, originally manufactured by DuPont under the brand name ReVia, is now sold by Mallinckrodt as Depade and by Barr Laboratories under the generic name naltrexone) that blocks some endorphin receptors. Said blockage is thought to cause the body to temporarily secrete more endorphins, especially after midnight at night. These endorphins are thought to stimulate the immune system, and in particular to stimulate the TH-1 or type 1 antiviral response by decreased interleukin-4 and with increased gamma interferon and interleukin-2 and a simultaneous decrease of type 2 anti bacterial response [Sacerdote]. It appears to be especially effective for minimizing symptoms and retarding progression of multiple sclerosis (MS) (Also see these sites; this site and this site and this site and a trial). There are drugs listed in this site that should not be taken with low dose Naltrexone, including cortisol. There is information in this site for mitigating side effects, including starting with one milligram doses. Advice how to proceed if you have been taking cortisol may be seen here. A few doctors have had encouraging results in Crohn's Disease, and even to some extent in cancer. Low doses of Naltrexone (LDN), 1.5 to 4.5 milligrams, at bedtime is used (timing is important, and it is important not to buy slow release forms). It is said to have no known bad side effects at those doses other than insomnia the first week or two in some.

There is also reports from an extensive survey on this site.

For an extensive discussion visit at this site.

I think some clinical studies on Naltrexone are in order, and it should not be a prescription drug (I have a petition to make Naltrexone an over-the-counter drug with the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, FDA, Rockville, MD 20857, Re; Docket No. 2006P-0508-CPI. Perhaps if enough people wrote supporting the petition it could be enacted).

Though side effects appear unlikely, it is not proven over longer periods. If you try it (it is a prescription medicine in the USA), it seems likely that you should discontinue if you get a bacterial infection in view of its inhibition of antibacterial response. There are suggestions on how to obtain Naltrexone without a prescription in this site. Naltrexone is currently being used by Dr. Enlander, a New York City doctor, but with limited success using 3 to 4.5 milligram doses for CFS or CFIDS.

It is also being explored for AIDS by Dr. Bernard Bihari, 29 W 15th St., New York, NY 10011, (212) 929-4196 who is still prescribing Naltrexone for HIV/AIDS. (and currently Executive Director of the Community Research Initiative). Dr. Gale Guyer of Advanced Medical Center located in Zionsville, Indiana also is using it for cancer. Dr. Bihari has shown promising results for a large percentage of his cancer patients.

Olive leaf extract has shown clinical evidence of effectiveness against a wide range of viruses, including AIDS [Bihari], herpes, and cold viruses. It sometimes produces a Herxheimer reaction or pathogen die-off symptoms (from effectiveness against bacteria?). There is evidence that it is synergistic (reinforce each other) with Naltrexone. There have been a few case histories of improvement in what were probably arthritis patients and CFIDS patients. The active ingredient is said to be oleuropein or enolate. There has been very little follow up research done on it. Also it has been found that curcumin in turmeric or curry powder will inhibit several forms of cancer, including melanoma. People who live in India where these spices are eaten, have one tenth the cancer found elsewhere. Keep in mind, though, that chemicals in plants can not automatically be trusted simply because they are natural.

This site shows foods which are high in one nutrient and low in another (including calories); this site should be especially useful for a quick list of foods to consider first, or for those who must restrict another nutrient because of a genetic difficulty with absorption or utilization.

Consider the very extensive USDA Handbook #8. To access the information you must press "enter" to search, and then divide Kcal into milligrams of potassium.

This last table is very comprehensive, is useful in search mode, and even lists the amino acids.

There are also links in it to PDF types of printouts from the table for individual nutrients available. Just click on the "A" or "W" button for the nutrient you desire.

 Take a look at a marvelous site that gives average RDR multiples for most of the essential elements in graphical form from several food groups along with average costs. Vegetables are the winners. (But no copper entry.)

You may find useful and easy to use a search for abstracts of medical journal references feature on "Gateway".

Google's "scholar search site"is excellent for all types of references.

The journal "Medical Hypotheses" publishes new theories in the medical field, including radical ideas.

There is a URL that has an incredible number of links to information supposedly for those interested in law as applying to environmental concerns, However it lists main newspapers, news search engines, financial news sources, directories (telephone, email, lawyer, government, financial, congressional, business, corporate executives, zipcodes), online legal and ethics research, banking, trade associations, law reviews, bar associations, weather, airline tickets, and more.

Your author, Charles Weber, has a degree in chemistry and a masters degree in soil science. I have researched copper and potassium nutrition for over 30 years, primarily library research, as well as fluoride poison for the last several years. I have published articles on allied subjects in; The Journal of Theoretical Biology (1970, 1983), The Journal of Applied Nutrition (1974), Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology (1983), and Medical Hypotheses (1984, 1999, 2007, and 2008).


Please be aware that your author, who is not a licensed medical doctor, does recommend that you seek a second opinion on any medical problems from competent professionals before making any substantive changes in any of your procedures. Any information, including names and addresses, from readers to this author is held in confidence and not relayed to third parties. The privacy laws of the USA are adhered to. This page is funded solely by the author who is not affiliated with any site that may be presenting it. Email = isoptera at


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* Please be advised that the author has no affiliation with any of the links presented in this article and that they were live at the time of publication.

Email to Charles Weber = isoptera at

This article was modified in March of 2012.

NOTICE: Charles Weber and other presented entities are not affiliated with Freedom School.
NOTICE: If anything in this presentation is found to be in error a good faith effort will be made to correct it in timely fashion upon notification.
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