Labels for you and me

Bigger text (+) | Smaller text (-)
Translate this Page!

Labels for you and me.
By, Stephen Ames

The importance of labels was memorably expressed by R.D.Laing. He claimed that if someone labeled a scientist said "All men are machines", he might receive a Nobel prize. In contrast, if someone labeled a schizophrenic said "I am a machine", he would promptly be locked away.

An attempt to evaluate the relative merits of these two diametrically opposed positions, was made by David Rosenhan of Stanford University.

David Rosenhan was extremely interested in the various approaches that have been adopted towards the treatment of psychiatric disorders. He wondered, is it really as simple to distinguish between normality and abnormality as is implied by the medical model?

Finally he came up with a way of trying to determine how well psychiatrist are able to distinguish between the normal and the abnormal, or between the sane and insane. What would happen if a number of entirely sane people attempted to gain admission to a mental hospital by pretending to have one of the symptoms of insanity? Would they be classified insane ? If they were admitted, would thestaff realize that a mistake had been made?

The answers to these and other questions were obtained in a study in which eight normal people, five men and three women, attempted to gain admission to twelve different psychiatric hospitals. The twelve psychiatric hospitals were located in five different states on the East and West coasts.

Each of the eight participants phoned the hospital asking for an appointment. Upon arrival at the admissions office, each of them complained of hearing voices (these voices were often unclear, but appeared to be saying 'empty', 'hollow', and 'thud'. All were judged to be insane, and all were admitted to the hospital, on the basis of their symptom. One was diagnosed as manic-depressive psychosis, the others as schizophrenic. But as soon as they had been admitted the participants stopped simulating signs of abnormality, although several had a brief period of nervousness and anxiety because they felt they would immediately be exposed as frauds.

While in the hospital, the participants indicated that they felt well and were no longer troubled by 'voices'. In general, they behaved in a friendly and cooperative way. The only strange activity they engaged in was they spent time writing down their observations about the ward they were in. To begin with, these notes were written in secret, but it became clear that the staff did not notice, so the note-taking was done quite openly. This, in my humble opinion, was accomplished because most people who work on a psychiatric ward (This is from personal experience) are some of the lowest functioning people in society. Their main concern is control of your thoughts and emotions. They seem to enjoy overpowering you to the point of the destruction of your mental faculties. What they can not accomplish with torture and punishment, they accomplish through pharmaceuticals. If you resist the taking of the pharmaceuticals, you will be held down and be given them by either injection or enema.

The structure of the various hospitals was such that those of the greatest professional status had the least to do with their patients. The average daily contact of the participants was about 6 minutes. The actual length of hospitalization ranged from 7 to 52 days.

The fact that all the participants were released within a few weeks would make you think that the psychiatric staff discovered that they had been sane all the time, but no. All of the participants were discharged with a diagnosis of 'schizophrenia in remission.'

Quite a number of the real patients did become suspicious about the participants. The first three participants were placed in wards with a total of 118 patients, 35 of the patients voiced their doubts that the participants were mentally ill. They said things like 'You're a journalist, or a professor. You're checking up on the hospital.'

These findings suggest that the distinction between the sane and insane is so blurred that psychiatrists constantly diagnose the sane for the insane. It is ironic that over 30 percent of the real patients knew that the participants were sane. As a matter of fact the participants, after insisting that they were ill to the real bona-fide patients, the real patients still didn't buy it and insisted that the participants were sane.

Rosenhan wondered whether he could show the opposite effect, the insane being sane. He chose as his testing ground a research and teaching hospital. The staff there had heard about the previous experiment and informed Rosenhan that they would not be fooled.

The first thing Rosenhan did was inform the hospital staff at this hospital that he was going to send in one or more pseudo-patients and have them attempt to gain admission into the psychiatric ward during the following three months. Each member of the staff was asked to observe all patients who presented themselves for admission or in the ward and say whether they thought they were his pseudo-patients or genuine patients.

Judgments were made on a total of 193 patients admitted for psychiatric treatment. Forty-one genuine patients were judged to be his pseudo-patients by at least one member of the staff. Nineteen patients were suspected of being frauds by one of the psychiatrists and another member of the staff. But the fact is, none of Rosenhan's pseudo-patients sought admittance during this time. The people that were judged to be impostors were in fact real patients. The staff did not know the difference. This proves that mental hospital staff do know that they are admitting people, diagnosing them mentally ill, prescribing them dangerous pharmaceuticals, even forcing them to ingest the pharmaceuticals when they know quite well that the people are sane.

Rosenhan's conclusion was: 'It's clear that we cannot distinguish the sane from the insane in psychiatric hospitals'.

One of the other points made by Rosenhan concerned the degrading conditions experienced by his pseudo-patients during their stays in the Psychiatric Wards. Rosenhan himself saw a patient beaten for walking up to one of the staff members and saying 'I like you'.

On numerous occasions, when the pseudo-patients approached staff members with polite requests for information, the staff simply ignored the request over 80 percent of the time and did not answer. When a question was presented to a psychiatrist it went unanswered and ignored over 70 percent of the time. That is how people are treated in the psychiatric wards at the hospitals that I have been admitted to also. Then if you ask more than once you are then threatened.

Now think about this. How many people receive chemotherapy for cancer when the fact is they don't have cancer at all. What about heart disease ? How many people are prescribed dangerous pharmaceuticals for heart disease that do not have heart disease. Last year over 170,000 people's deaths were caused by prescription drugs. Yet the American people line up for them. About 3,500 deaths were caused by illicit drugs such as crack, meth, heroin etc and zero deaths from marijuana. Yet you will go to prison if you are caught possessing one of these drugs and you will go to prison for a very long time if you are caught selling one of these drugs. The bottom line is that the drug dealer on the corner is responsible for far less deaths than medical doctors. The difference is that the drug dealer on the corner does not have a license to KILL like the M.D.! These are prime examples of the Cognitive Dissonance of the common American mind.


More Stephen Ames Essays:

An Indictment Of The American Mind

The Thoughtless Mind

Crime and Commerce

The Ultimate Delusion

I hope you learned someting from the Essays. Stephen wrote hundreds of them. Some of them will never be released because they are extremely controversial and would really upset just about everyone. However, to see what a Police State Pennsylvania is go to
This site is dedicated to showing the world what is happening in Pennsylvania. You won't believe it. There are hundreds of examples on this site of the absolutely twisted actions of the people of Pennsylvania. I'm not going to tell you exactly what is on the site, you will have to see it for yourself. It is beyond your wildest nightmares. Read everything in the Public Enemies section in its entirety first. There are about a hundred articles in this section alone. You will never come to Pennsylvania again after reading them. Another web site dedicated to the tens of thousands of atrocities committed here in Pennsylvania recently is (site may be down.)

Archived at:

I recommend the Philly Atrocities section and its weekly archives. This section is found in the left side column. If you would like to read more essays that were written by Stephen Ames and others let me know. I can be reached at:

Nicole Terry
630k Willow Street, Highspire, Pennsylvania 17034
PH: 717-986-0239
EMAIL: [email protected]

We are grateful for the AMERICAN PATRIOT FRIENDS NETWORK for originating these essays.

NOTICE: Stephen Ames, AMERICAN PATRIOT FRIENDS NETWORK, and Nicole Terry are not affiliated with Freedom School.
NOTICE: If anything in this presentation is found to be in error a good faith effort will be made to correct it in timely fashion upon notification.
       Specialty Areas

All the powers in the universe seem to favor the person who has confidence.
Share/Save/Bookmark Subscribe

More & Other Information - Resource Pages
AntiShyster Magazine Attention Signing the Constitution Away
Aware Belligerent Claimant
Bonds Citizenship / nationality related items
Education Graphics
Health related  
Howard Griswold
Jerry Kirk Jurisdiction
Law related items Lee Brobst
Lewis Mohr Luis Ewing
Money Reading Material
Reading Room Stuff
Tax matters Travel related
NOTICE: The information on this page was brought to you by people who paid this website forward so that someone such as you might also profit by having access to it. If you care to do so also please feel encouraged to KEEP THIS SITE GOING by making a donation today. Thank you. Make donation with PayPal - it´s fast, free and secure!

Freedom-School is not affiliated with the links on this page - unless otherwise stated.
This enterprise collectively is known and generally presented as "" - "we," "us" or "our" are other expressions of used throughout. "You" is in reference to the user / visitor.

This is the fine print that so important. Freedom School and other information served is so for educational purposes only, no liability expressed or assumed for use.
The information you obtain at this site is not, nor is it intended to be, legal advice.
Freedom School does not consent to or condone unlawful action.
Freedom School advocates and encourages one and all to adhere to, support and
defend all Law which is particularly applicable.
Information is intended for [those] men and women who are not "US CITIZENS" or "TAXPAYERS" - continued use, reference or citing indicates voluntary and informed compliance. Support is not offered.

Freedom School is a free speech site, non-commercial enterprise and operation as
there is no charge for things presented. site relies on this memorandum and others in support of this philosophy and operation.

The noteworthy failure of [the] government or any alleged agency thereof to at any time rebut anything appearing on this website constitutes a legal admission of the fidelity and accuracy of the materials presented, which are offered in good faith and prepared as such by Freedom School and any and all [third] parties affiliated or otherwise. THIS IS AN ELECTRONIC AGREEMENT AND IS A LEGALLY BINDING CONTRACT, EQUIVALENT TO A SIGNED, WRITTEN CONTRACT BETWEEN PARTIES - If the government, or anyone else, wants to assert that any of the religious and/or political statements appearing on this website are not factual or otherwise in error, then they as the moving party have the burden of proof, and they must responsively meet that burden of proof under the Administrative Procedures Act 5 U.S.C. § 556(d) and under the due process clauses found in the Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Amendments to the national Constitution BEFORE there will be response to any summons, questions, or unsubstantiated and slanderous accusations. Attempts at calling presented claims "frivolous" without specifically rebutting the particular claim, or claims, deemed "frivolous" will be in deed be "frivolous" and prima facie evidence that shall be used accordingly. Hey guys, if anything on this site is found to be in error a good faith effort will be made to correct it in timely fashion upon notification. is not responsible for content of any linked website or material.
In addition, users may not use to engage in, facilitate or further unlawful conduct;
use the service in any way, or manner, that harms us or anyone connected with us or whose work is presented;
damage, disable, overburden, or impair the service (or the network(s) connected to the site)
or interfere with anyone´s use and enjoyment of the website.

All claims to be settled on the land - Austin, Travis county Texas, united States of America, using Texas Common Law.
All parts of this contract apply to the maximum extent permitted by law. A court may hold that we cannot enforce a part of this contract as written. If this happens, then you and we will replace that part with terms that most closely match the intent of the part that we cannot enforce. The rest of this contract will not change. This is the entire contract between you and us regarding your use of the service. It supersedes any prior contract or statements regarding your use of the site. If there exists some manner of thing missing we do not forfeit our right to that thing as
we reserve all rights.
We may assign, or modify, alter, change this contract, in whole or in part, at any time with or without notice to you. You may not assign this contract, or any part of it, to any other person. Any attempt by you to do so is void. You may not transfer to anyone else, either temporarily or permanently, any rights to use the site or material contained within.

GOOGLE ANALYTICS: While we do not automatically collect personally identifiable information about you when you visit the site, we do collect non-identifying and aggregate information that we use to improve our Web site design and our online presence.
Visitors to this site who have Javascript enabled are tracked using Google Analytics. The type of information that Google Analytics collects about you includes data like: the type of Web browser you are using; the type of operating system you are using; your screen resolution; the version of Flash you may be using; your network location and IP address (this can include geographic data like the country, city and state you are in); your Internet connection speed; the time of your visit to the site; the pages you visit on the site; the amount of time you spend on each page of the site and referring site information. In addition to the reports we receive using Google Analytics data, the data is shared with Google. For more information on Google´s privacy policies, visit:
Here is Google´s description of how Google Analytics works and how you can disable it: "Google Analytics collects information anonymously, and much like examining footprints in sand, it reports website trends without identifying individual visitors. Analytics uses its own cookie to track visitor interactions. The cookie is used to store information, such as what time the current visit occurred, whether the visitor has been to the site before, and what site referred the visitor to the web page. Google Analytics customers can view a variety of reports about how visitors interact with their website so they can improve their website and how people find it. A different cookie is used for each website, and visitors are not tracked across multiple sites. Analytics requires that all websites that use it must update their privacy policy to include a notice that fully discloses the use of Analytics. To disable this type of cookie, some browsers will indicate when a cookie is being sent and allow you to decline cookies on a case-by-case basis."

Presentation CopyrightŠ 2007, 2020
All Rights Reserved